Qutub Minar is world’s tallest rubble masonry minaret. Qutub Minar, along with the ancient and medieval monuments surrounding it, form the Qutub complex, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The tower is located in the Mehrauli area of Delhi, India.
Qutub Minar was built in 1199 AD by Qutab-ud-din Aibak. The purpose behind this was to use by Mu’zzin (crier) for giving calls for prayers. It has a diameter of 14.32m at the base and about 2.75m on the top with a height of 72.5m. Each storey of Qutub Minar is surrounded by a balcony. Qutb-u’d-Din Aibak had built only one story and later his successor and son-in-law, Shamsu’din- Iltutmish had constructed two more stories.
The first three storeys are made of red sandstone; the fourth and fifth storeys are of marble and sandstone. Each storey of the tower has a projected balcony surrounding the minaret and supported by corbels that are ornamented with Muqarnas or honey-comb vault, a type of architectural ornamented vaulting. The tower is so high that around 379 steps are needed to be climbed to reach the top. Another taller tower adjacent to Qutub Minar is named Alai Minar which is somewhat tilted in one direction.
At the foot of the tower is the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, the first mosque to be built in India. An inscription over its eastern gate provocatively informs that it was built with material obtained from demolishing ’27 Hindu temples’. A 7 m-high iron pillar stands in the courtyard of the mosque. The iron pillar is the main attraction in the spacious Quwwat-Ul-Islam Masjid courtyard. It weights over 6511kg. It dates back to 4th century, at times when the World’s knowledge about making iron from ore was still a complicated idea. It is amazing to notice the smoothness of the pillar which indicated the purity of iron.
Numerous inscriptions in Arabic and Nagari characters in different places of the minar reveal the history of Qutub. According to the inscriptions on its surface it was repaired by Firuz Shah Tughlaq (AD 1351-88) and Sikandar Lodi (AD 1489-1517). Major R.Smith also repaired and restored the minar in 1829.
Qutub minar is made on afghan architecture. Now It is well known historical place not only in India but in the World. It is attraction of tourist in Delhi. Qutub minar is a charming structure of red marble and also it is known as marble tower of success.Qutub means pole of justices and because of this It is known as symbol of islamic justice.It is finest mounment in World.